OSLI Retina

November 2020

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November 2020 · Vol. 51, No. 11 657 the tube-valve system allows control of the IOP. 13 Several studies have shown that the FCVB was flex- ible, effective, and safe as a vitreous substitute after long-term observation. In addition, it was proven to have little effect on the function of the ciliary body, and can effectively prevent eyeball atrophy after im- plantation. 14-17 In this paper, we demonstrate the evolution of an ARN case and how RD was developed even after treatment as the disease processed itself. Addition- ally, FCVB, a novel vitreous substitute, should be considered as an application for ARN with severe RD or PVR. REFERENCES 1. Hillenkamp J, Nölle B, Bruns C, Rautenberg P, Fickenscher H, Roi- der J. Acute retinal necrosis: clinical features, early vitrectomy, and outcomes. Ophthalmology. 2009;116(10):1971-5.e2. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2009.03.029 PMID:19592111 2. Schoenberger S D, Kim S J, Thorne J E, et al. Diagnosis and Treat- ment of Acute Retinal Necrosis: A Report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology. 2017;124(3):382-392. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.11.007 PMID: 28094044 3. Urayama A, Yamada N, Sasaki T, et al. Unilateral acute uveitis with retinal periarteritis and detachment. Jpn J Clin Ophthalmol. 1971;25:607-619. 4. Holland GN; Executive Committee of the American Uveitis Society. Standard diagnostic criteria for the acute retinal necrosis syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 1994;117(5):663-667. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0002-9394(14)70075-3 PMID:8172275 5. Takase H, Okada AA, Goto H, et al. Development and validation of new diagnostic criteria for acute retinal necrosis. Jpn J Ophthal- mol. 2015;59(1):14-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10384-014-0362-0 PMID:25492579 6. Chen S, Malik KJ, Shen D, Chan CC. Acute Retinal Necrosis with Multiple Viral Infections: A Case Report. Int J Ophthalmic Pathol. 2014;3(5):1000151. https://doi.org/10.4172/2324-8599.1000151 PMID:25584358 7. Donovan CP, Levison AL, Lowder CY, Martin DF, Srivastava SK. De- layed recurrence of acute retinal necrosis (ARN): A case series. J Clin Virol. 2016;80:68-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2016.04.021 PMID:27179886 8. Usui Y, Goto H. Overview and diagnosis of acute retinal necrosis syndrome. Semin Ophthalmol. 2008;23(4):275-283. https://doi. org/10.1080/08820530802111325 PMID:18584564 9. Matsuo T. Vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade as an initial surgery for retinal detachment after acute retinal necrosis syn- drome. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2005;13(1):91-94. https://doi. org/10.1080/09273940490518838 PMID:15804777 10. Marrocos de Aragão RE, Barreira IM, Arrais BL, Pereira LA, Ramos CS. Good visual outcome in an immunocompromised patient with bilat- eral acute retinal necrosis syndrome: A case report. Saudi J Ophthalmol. 2014;28(3):243-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjopt.2013.11.005 PMID:25278806 11. Liu S, Wang D, Zhang X. The necessity and optimal time for perform- ing pars plana vitrectomy in acute retinal necrosis patients. BMC Oph- thalmol. 2018;18(1):15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0674-9 PMID:29357831 12. Qian Z, Xu K, Kong X, Xu H. Ahmed Glaucoma Valves ver- sus EX-PRESS Devices in Glaucoma Secondary to Silicone Oil Emulsification. J Ophthalmol. 2018;2018:8539689. https://doi. org/10.1155/2018/8539689 PMID:30026986 13. Gao Q, Mou S, Ge J, et al. A new strategy to replace the natural vitre- ous by a novel capsular artificial vitreous body with pressure-control valve. Eye (Lond). 2008;22(3):461-468. https://doi.org/10.1038/ sj.eye.6702875 PMID:17525767 14. Lin X, Ge J, Gao Q, et al. Evaluation of the flexibility, efficacy, and safety of a foldable capsular vitreous body in the treatment of severe retinal detachment. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52(1):374-381. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-5869 PMID:20811065 15. Lin X, Sun X, Wang Z, et al. Three-Year Efficacy and Safety of a Silicone Oil-Filled Foldable-Capsular-Vitreous-Body in Three Cases of Severe Retinal Detachment. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2016;5(1):2. https://doi. org/10.1167/tvst.5.1.2 PMID:26855843 16. Zhang R, Wang T, Xie C, et al. Evaluation of supporting role of a foldable capsular vitreous body with magnetic resonance imag- ing in the treatment of severe retinal detachment in human eyes. Eye (Lond). 2011;25(6):794-802. https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.2011.61 PMID:21423138 17. Wang P, Gao Q, Jiang Z, et al. Biocompatibility and retinal support of a foldable capsular vitreous body injected with saline or silicone oil implanted in rabbit eyes. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2012;40(1):e67-e75. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9071.2011.02664.x PMID:21883770

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